Plato's ideal state was a republic with three categories of citizens: artisans, auxiliaries, and philosopher-kings, each of whom possessed distinct natures and capacities those proclivities, moreover, reflected a particular combination of elements within one's tripartite soul, composed of appetite, spirit, and reason. Plato's ideal state until philosophers are kings or the kings and princes of this world have the spirit and the power of philosophy and political greatness and wisdom meet in one, cities will never rest from their evils (plato. Plato's ideal state plato's republic describes a society that is completely rational, based on plato's concept of the good life and developed to create and protect that sort of life within the context of a civil state. Ideal characteristics of plato's guardians the characterisitics of the ideal guardian is summarized in those words by socrates in the second book of the republic : [h]e who is to be a really good and noble guardian of the state will require to unite in himself philosophy and spirit and swiftness and strength . Plato's book, the republic, deals with practical issues such as the nature of justice, the human condition, and the basis of societal order and political powerit is a treasure trove of ideas and has long been a central work in western literature.
In plato's explanation of an ideal state, there is an extreme emphasis on unity and harmony the reason unity and harmony are so important to plato are because they are responsible for bonding together plato's ideal state and protecting it from tyranny. Since the crucial elements of justice may be easier to observe on the larger scale (republic 369a), plato began with a detailed analysis of the formation, structure, and organization of an ideal state before applying its results to a description of personal life. Plato's ideal society, as outlined in his republic, is primarily composed of two classes the guardians are responsible for protecting the state, and are divided into two sub-classes: the rulers.
Features of plato's ideal state in an attempt for the construction of an ideal state, plato observed that there should be the following features: the rule of philosopher kings: according to plato, an ideal state must be governed by a philosopher king who should be a passionless person and seeker of truth and wisdom. Plato's theory of the ideal state is set out in detail in plato's dialogue, the republic in later life, he modified his view in a dialogue called the laws the republic is a society ruled by philosopher kings who are free of the chains of materialism and illusion about the nature of reality. Plato ideal state plato ideal state is based on the following principles or features: plato state is functional specialization plato was influenced of the pythagorean theory of the human nature pythagoras classifies human nature in three sections that are reason, courage and appetite.
Ideal characteristics of plato's guardians the characterisitics of the ideal guardian is summarized in those words by socrates in the second book of the republic : [h]e who is to be a really good and noble guardian of the state will require to unite in himself philosophy and spirit and swiftness and strength swiftness and strength. The vision of the ideal state is used rather to illustrate the main thesis of the dialogue that justice, understood traditionally as virtue and related to goodness, is the foundation of a good political order, and as such is in everyone's interest. In plato's ideal state, there are two apparent divisions in handling state affairs the first division entails that only the traders are allowed to dabble in the economic undertakings it is the role of the trader to take charge of economic affairs and produce goods for the people this duty, without external interference, is for him alone to.
In his most celebrated book the republic, plato gives the theory of an ideal state as far as a state is concerned,plato gives ideas about how to build an ideal commonwealth, who should be the rulers of the ideal state and how to achieve justice in the ideal state. Plato's ideal state this paper will discuss the different parts of plato's ideal state, as well as link them to the normative concepts of property, common/public good, and justice the discussion of justice will be lengthier than the others, on the grounds that it is the basis for a great deal of the discussion contained in plato's republic. Plato's practical theory of ideal state masayuki amano the purpose of this paper is to prove that while the ideal state plato conceived in the republic was an unrealizable one, he propounded a vision of a practical ideal state.
Plato ideal state is based on his three concepts, (communism) the new social order for guardian class, state regulated education scheme and rule of philosophy communism does not mean to improve the living standard of people in the state, neither it applies to whole community. Plato's ideal state was the republic the word 'republic' comes from latin and means public affairs, while the greek word used in the work of plato politia whose translation is constitution.
The ideal city is not promoted, but only used to magnify the different kinds of individual humans and the state of their soul however, the philosopher king image was used by many after plato to justify their personal political beliefs. Plato's political philosophy plato is generally viewed as one of the greatest and most influential philosophers in the western tradition his political philosophy is held in similarly high regard, and is the earliest.
In plato's ideal state there are three major classes, corresponding to the three parts of the soul the guardians , who are philosophers, govern the city the auxiliaries are soldiers who defend it and the lowest class comprises the producers (farmers, artisans, etc. The republic (greek: πολιτεία, politeia latin: res publica) is a socratic dialogue, written by plato around 380 bc, concerning justice (δικαιοσύνη), the order and character of the just city-state, and the just man. Hence, an ideal state must be a state that is based on a perfected standard plato and aristotle both prescribed what these perfected standards on which the state be based, should be, according to their metaphysical orientation about man.